Washington: A new study involving an Indian origin scientist has found that earlier onset of menarche (first menstrual cycle) is associated with increased body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and overall obesity in adulthood.The study uses a life course approach, which looks for associations between earlier life events and later health outcomes, to better understand and predict cardiovascular disease CVD risk in women at their pre-clinical stage.“The purpose of this study was to examine whether female reproductive risk factors – including onset of menarche, number of births over a lifetime (called parity), onset of menopause, and menopausal status – are associated with indices of body fat composition,” said Caroline S. Fox, MD, MPH, of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, and senior author of the study.“We found that earlier onset of menarche is associated with overall adiposity, whereas parity and menopausal age were not associated with adiposity measures. Post-menopausal women also had higher levels of overall adiposity, though this appeared to be mostly due to age and not menopausal status,” she stated.The study featured 1,638 women who participated in the Framingham Heart Study (FHS) between 2002 and 2005. These participants were aged 40 or older, weighed less than 160 kg and not pregnant.
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