Washington: The types and levels of bacteria in the intestines may be used to predict a person’s likelihood of having a heart attack, and that manipulating these organisms may help reduce heart attack risk.This discovery may lead to new diagnostic tests and therapies that physicians use to prevent and treat heart attacks.In addition, this research suggests that probiotics may be able to protect the heart in patients undergoing heart surgery and angioplasty.“Our discovery is a revolutionary milestone in the prevention and treatment of heart attacks,” said John E. Baker, Ph.D., study author from the Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee.“The biochemical link between intestinal bacteria, their metabolites, and injury to the heart will reduce the risk of death from a heart attack and, coupled with the use of probiotics, will ultimately be able to improve the overall cardiovascular health of the human population,” Baker stated.For the discovery, Baker and colleagues conducted experiments involving three groups of rats. The first group was fed a standard diet. The second group was treated orally with the antibiotic vancomycin in the drinking water. The third group was fed a probiotic supplement that contains Lactobacillus plantarum, a bacterium that suppresses the production of leptin.
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