Depression is a mental illness characterized by extreme gloom, feelings of insufficiency and failure to concentrate. It is a mood disorder marked particularly by sadness, inactivity, complexity, a considerable increase or decrease in appetite, feelings of despair and occasionally, suicidal thoughts or an attempt to commit suicide. People with low self-esteem, who are consistently pessimistic, or are readily overwhelmed by stress are prone to depression. Stress caused by serious loss, bad relationship, financial problem can also trigger depression. Combinations of genetic, psychological and environmental factors are often involved in the onset of depression. Signs of Depression- Fatigue- Deep fatigue or a loss of energy is a symptom of depression. Thoughts of Death- A depressed person may have frequent thoughts of death or suicide with or without a specific plan. Agitation or Retardation- The person may feel restless, agitated or physically drained or inactive Feelings of Worthlessness- A depressed person may feel worthless or may feel unsuitably guilty about things he/she has no control over. Insomnia- Insomnia or sleep-deprived may be a symptom of depression. Weight loss/ gain- Physical change in the body can also trigger mental health problems such as depression. Major change in weight without attempting to gain or lose may be an indication. Loss of Interest- A depressed person may show least interest in activities that were once enjoyable or interesting. Mood Swing- Sudden change in mood is more rapid and intense in a person with depression. `Brain Fog`- A depressed person may have a diminished ability to think, concentrate or make decisions. Depression in women, men, aged and kids According to a study, women suffer from depression twice as much as men. Some of the contributing factors to this are menstrual cycle, pregnancy, miscarriage, pre-menopause and menopause along with professional and household responsibilities. Emotional support from family and friends can help overcome the state of depression in women. On the other hand, men are less likely to suffer from depression. Men`s depression may be masked by alcohol or drugs or by long working hours. Depression in the elderly is sometimes dismissed as a normal part of ageing. Depression in the elderly may sometimes be side effects of medication. Psychotherapy is suggested in older patients who cannot take medication. On the other hand, a depressed child may pretend to be sick, refuse to go to school, may get into trouble at school, grouchy, and feel misunderstood. A visit to the paediatrician should be scheduled to rule out physical symptoms. Treatment may include psychotherapy or medications.
Elections 2014: Bollywood stars turn out to vote
Will Modi`s lucky pen make him the PM?
It was a call from Maa Ganga, says Modi in Varanasi
SC forms 3 member committee for govt advertisements