Here is the latest global and regional picture on HIV and AIDS from a report by the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) released on November 21, 2011.THE GLOBAL PICTURE: * An estimated 34 million people worldwide had the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS in 2010, according to the latest UNAIDS data. This number is up 17 percent on 2001, when 28.6 million were living with HIV.* There were 2.7 million new HIV infections in 2010, including an estimated 390,000 among children.* The proportion of women with HIV remained stable in 2010 at 50 percent of all those with the virus, but in sub-Saharan Africa, women account for 59 percent of people living with HIV.* An estimated 1.8 million people died of AIDS-related causes in 2010.REGIONAL BREAKDOWNAFRICA: * Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region hardest hit by HIV, with 22.9 million HIV-positive people in 2010 -- about 68 percent of the global total.* The number of new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa has dropped by more than 26 percent, to 1.9 million in 2010, down from an estimated 2.6 million in 1997.* South Africa has more people with HIV than any other country in the world -- an estimated 5.6 million cases.* There were 1.2 million AIDS-related deaths in sub-Saharan Africa in 2010.* AIDS has killed at least a million people each year in the region since 1998.
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