Washington: Programs that support parents during their child’s early years may contribute to obesity prevention, a new study has revealed.
The new study led by Laurie Miller Brotman, PhD, professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Director of the Center for Early Childhood Health and Development at the NYU Child Study Center investigated whether early family intervention that was effective for parents of children with behaviour problems, resulted in lower rates of obesity.
This innovative study took advantage of two long-term follow up studies of high-risk children who had participated in evaluations of either ParentCorps or another effective parenting intervention, the “Incredible Years,” during early childhood.
The study involved 186 children from low-income, minority families at high risk for obesity who were randomly assigned to family intervention or a control group when the children were approximately four years old.
Behavioural family intervention in early childhood included a series of weekly 2-hour parent and child groups over a 6-month period. The interventions did not address nutrition, activity, or weight.
“Children who enter school with behavior problems are at very high risk for academic underachievement and school dropout, antisocial behavior, delinquency, obesity and other health problems,” said Dr. Brotman.
“ParentCorps engages parents of high-risk children, reduces harsh and ineffective parenting and prevents early behavior problems from escalating into more serious and intractable problems.”
For more than a decade, Dr. Brotman and her colleagues have developed and evaluated programs for parents and young children living in urban poverty.
In both follow-up studies, children who were assigned to the intervention and children in the control condition were evaluated from three to five years later.
The evaluation of children as they approached adolescence included examination of body mass index, sedentary activity and physical activity. In one of the studies, blood pressure and nutritional intake were also measured.
Children who received family intervention during early childhood had significantly lower rates of obesity compared to children in the control group.
In the larger study, without intervention, more than half of the children with early behaviour problems were obese by second grade. In contrast, among children with behavior problems who received ParentCorps in early childhood, only 24 percent were obese.
The study has been published online in the journal Pediatrics.