New Delhi: A minimal 2.2 per cent men underwent sterilisation surgeries of the total 42,14,950 Indians who had gone through the procedure in 2013-14, according to government data.
The data, which was submitted in Parliament Tuesday, states that 97.9 per cent women underwent sterilisation operation for birth control in 2013-14.
Additional professor of Surgery, AIIMS, Dr Amir Gupta said that few men opt for sterilisation.
"This reveals the gender bias prevalent amongst the patriachal society's like India. The stigma of becoming sterile does not go down well with the male mentality.
"Also sometimes, even women in a family steps forward to undergo sterilisation as there are misapprehensions that the procedure will cause a man to lose his strength and that he will be unable to earn a living," said Dr Gupta.
Senior Programme Officer, Family Planning from Delhi government's Health Department said that even in the national capital it is mostly women who come for such surgeries despite male sterilization being simpler and safer.
"The male sterilisation, called vasectomy is simpler and less-invasive to perform on men than on women. No-scalpel vasectomy, first promoted in India in the early 1990s, is a stitch-free surgery conducted under local anesthetic.
"Even the recovery time is fast and complications are rare," the officer said.
The sterilisation issue has come to fore with the recent Chhattisgarh sterilization tragedy which claimed 13 lives.
Also, of late, a doctor in Odisha has triggered an outrage by using cycle pump to dilate the cervix of women during sterilization surgeries at a camp and also by stating that the procedure is commonly used in rural areas in the absence of adequate medical fecilities.