7 simple lifestyle steps may decrease risk of blood clots

Washington: Adopting seven simple lifestyle steps could help reduce your risk of these potentially deadly blood clots, according to a new study.

Every five minutes, someone in the United States dies of a blood clot in the legs ( deep vein thrombosis) or lungs ( pulmonary embolism ), according to the American Heart Association.

In a large, long-term study, researchers followed 30,239 adults who were 45 years or older for 4.6 years. Researchers rated participants` heart health using the seven health indicators from the American Heart Association Life`s Simple 7.

They include being physically active, avoiding smoking, following a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy body mass index, and controlling blood sugar levels, blood pressure and cholesterol. They then compared the incidence of blood clots among those whose heart health rated as inadequate, average and optimum.

Among participants with optimum health, the risk of blood clots was 44 percent lower than those with inadequate health. Those with average health had a 38 percent lower risk.

Maintaining ideal levels of physical activity and body mass index were the most significant lifestyle changes related to lower risk of blood clots.

The study has been presented at the American Heart Association`s Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 2013 Scientific Sessions.