New Delhi: An infant underwent an open heart surgery within 18 hours of being born at a city hospital here, the youngest reported case in the country till date as claimed by the doctors.
The baby Mayank Agarwal, was born with a heart defect called the obstructed critical total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC), a medical condition in which the blood does not take the normal route from the lungs to the heart and out to the body.
"Instead, the veins from the lungs are attached to the heart in abnormal positions. The abnormal vein is also narrow and blood tends to dam up. The oxygenated blood enters or leaks into the wrong chamber and blood gets dammed in the lungs.
"The blood passing through the aorta to the body does not have normal amount of oxygen, which causes the child to become breathless and look blue. The only option in such a condition is emergency surgery to avert fatal consequences," said Dr K S Iyer, Executive Director-Paediatric & Congenital Heart Diseases at Fortis Escorts Heart Institute (FEHI).
Mayank was born in Mathura and within minutes of his birth was declared to have severe breathing difficulty. The local doctors unable to treat the baby advised the family to rush the child to a multi-super specialty hospital in Delhi and brought to FEHI.
A decision to perform an open heart surgery was taken which involved cutting the chest open and performing the surgery on the muscles, valves, or arteries of the heart.