Kochi: Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS) here has performed the most advanced treatment for brain aneurysm, the 'flow diverter pipeline stent', the First of its kind in a private hospital in Kerala.
The treatment was performed by a team of doctors Endovascular Division, Neurosurgery Department of AIMS, on a woman patient who had developed disturbances in vision due to a large aneurysm of the brain. The patient was discharged from the hospital within three days after 'the flow diverter pipeline stent' procedure, a press release said.
Aneurysms of the brain's blood vessels are abnormal balloon-like projections that form on the wall of an artery. When these rupture, they can cause disasters. Some patients have complex aneurysms that are large and involve multiple branches of the blood vessel. Traditionally treated with major open skull base surgery and clipping, but the surgery is very complex and required longer hospital stay, the release said.
In the flow diverter Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) which is American FDA approved, is a new alternative that allows for a more natural healing of the aneurysm avoiding a major open surgery.
The device is attached to the end of a catheter that is inserted through the Femoral artery in the right leg. The catheter is threaded into the carotid artery of the brain and into its final position where it is then expanded against the walls of the artery to block off the mouth of the aneurysm, thus cutting off the blood flow into the aneurysm which later shrinks and heals over the next few months. The device also reduces the risk of the aneurysm rupture.
The procedure considerably reduces the hospital stay of the patient to two or three days and the recovery is fast in comparison with similar open surgeries.
Amrita Hospital is one of the only six centers in India that is performing this specialized procedure. The Neurovascular center at Amrita Institute is also providing facilities to tackle the most difficult disease conditions involving the brain's blood vessels - including complex neurosurgical procedures, aneurysm coiling/stenting and stereotactic radiosurgery for vascular malformations of the brain.
The division also offers regular disease-specific screening programmes for carotid disease and stroke prevention, early detection of diseases of the brain's blood vessels.