Washington: Alcohol is now the third leading cause of the global burden of disease and injury, a new study has revealed.
It also found that Canadians drink more than 50 per cent above the global average.
"Alcohol consumption has been found to cause more than 200 different diseases and injuries," said Kevin Shield , the lead author of the study.
"These include not only well-known outcomes of drinking such as liver cirrhosis or traffic accidents, but also several types of cancer, such as female breast cancer."
The study reports the amount and patterns of alcohol consumption by country for 2005, and calculates estimates for these figures for 2010. It reveals vast differences by geographical region in the numbers of people who consume alcohol, the amount they drink, and general patterns of drinking.
Some other findings:
Drinkers in Europe and parts of Sub-Saharan Africa are the world`s heaviest consumers of alcohol, on average.
People in North Africa, the Middle East and South Asia consumed the least amount of alcohol.
The global burden of disease and injury attributable to alcohol is large and growing. In 2010, it was responsible for 5.5 per cent of this overall burden, third after high blood pressure and tobacco smoking, among 67 risk factors overall.
This study summarizes the results from population surveys, sales or production data, and data on alcohol consumption not covered in official records, from all countries, territories and regions.
The study has been published in the journal Addiction.