Washington: Researchers have determined that a copper compound known for decades may form the basis for a therapy for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease.
In a new study, scientists from Australia, the United States (Oregon), and the United Kingdom showed in laboratory animal tests that oral intake of this compound significantly extended the lifespan and improved the locomotor function of transgenic mice that are genetically engineered to develop this debilitating and terminal disease.
In humans, no therapy for ALS has ever been discovered that could extend lifespan more than a few additional months.
Researchers in the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University said that this approach has the potential to change that, and may have value against Parkinson's disease as well.
"We believe that with further improvements, and following necessary human clinical trials for safety and efficacy, this could provide a valuable new therapy for ALS and perhaps Parkinson's disease," Joseph Beckman, a distinguished professor of biochemistry and biophysics in the OSU College of Science said.
By restoring a proper balance of copper into the brain and spinal cord, scientists believe they are stabilizing the superoxide dismutase in its mature form, while improving the function of mitochondria.
This has already extended the lifespan of affected mice by 26 percent, and with continued research the scientists hope to achieve even more extension.
The study is published in the Journal of Neuroscience.