Washington: Moms who develop diabetes during pregnancy and are from a poor social background are more likely to have kids with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study has revealed.To examine the association of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and low socioeconomic status with neurodevelopment and ADHD outcomes, Yoko Nomura, M.D., Ph.D., of Queens College, City University of New York, Flushing, and colleagues, compared offspring of mothers with and without GDM in an economically diverse sample.“Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) typically develops in the second and third trimesters and is defined as glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy,” the authors wrote.“The prevalence of GDM has been rising for over 20 years, particularly among ethnic minorities and individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES), as have lifestyle changes that heighten risk including greater consumption of saturated fats, sugar, and processed foods, and sedentary working environments.”The authors distributed the ADHD Rating Scale-IV to parents of 3- and 4-year-old children in preschools surrounding Queens College, and recruited 212 participants at a 2:1 ratio of “at risk” to “typically developing” children.At-risk children had at least six inattention or six hyperactive and impulsive symptoms as rated by parents, teachers, or both. “Typically developing” children had fewer than three symptoms in each domain.
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