New York: Giving parents of newborn premature babies some help in better understanding and interacting with their infants may make a difference in their children`s behavior by the time they are ready for school, according to a Norwegian study.Children born prematurely tend to have higher rates of behavioral problems, such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), than peers born full term.For the new study, reported in Pediatrics, researchers in Norway tested a program that gave parents of preemies help right away, starting in the hospital."Preterm infants are often more fussy, give less eye contact and are harder to understand for parents," said Marianne Nordhov of the University Hospital of North Norway in Tromso, the lead researcher."They display signs of stress in a subtle way, such as color changes, `jittery` movements and increased respiration rate."She and her colleagues randomly assigned parents of 146 preemies, born weighing under 2 kg (4 pounds, 6 ounces), to either take part in the program or stick with standard care alone. They also recruited parents of 75 full-term infants for comparison.
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