Washington: An intervention that succeeded in improving the duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding during infancy did not result in a lower risk of overweight or obesity among the children, according to a study. Observational studies suggest that greater duration and exclusivity of having been breastfed reduces child obesity risk."However, breastfeeding and growth are socially patterned in many settings," and observed associations between these variables are at least partly explained by confounding factors, according to researchers.Richard M. Martin, Ph.D., of the University of Bristol, England, and colleagues investigated the effects of an intervention to promote increased duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding on child adiposity (body fat) and circulating insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), which regulates growth.
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