Washington: A new research has attempted to find out how taste cells detect sugars.The study by Monell Center and collaborators could lead to development of strategies to limit over-consumption."Detecting the sweetness of nutritive sugars is one of the most important tasks of our taste cells. Many of us eat too much sugar and to help limit overconsumption, we need to better understand how a sweet taste cell ``knows`` something is sweet,” said Robert F. Margolskee.Scientists have known for some time that the T1r2+T1r3 receptors help us detect many sweet compounds, including sugars such as glucose and sucrose as well as artificial sweeteners, including saccharin and aspartame.The results of the study showed that several sugar sensors from intestine and pancreas also are present in exactly those same sweet-sensing taste cells that have the T1r2+T1r3 sweet receptor."The taste system continues to amaze me at how smart it is and how it serves to integrate taste sensation with digestive processes," said Margolskee.
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