Mumbai: With the increasing number ofcases of diabetes both in India and Asia, the prevalence andincidence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) are also on therise, according to experts. "Number of diabetes cases has been rising and almost30 to 40 per cent of all diabetics have been noticed to haveCKD," said Dr Vidya Acharya, a renowned Nephrologist.
These are the once that lead to Acute Heart Attacks,strokes with consequent death, even before CKD patientsprogress to ESKD, she explained. An added problem to overcome is the remarkable lack ofawareness among patients about their condition of kidneydisease being largely asymptomatic in earlier stages. To create awareness, Nephrologists here are holdingvarious awareness programme throughout India tomorrow on WorldKidney Day. It is important for the medical profession to do jointefforts to explain to the public treatment and objectives soas to educate the masses about epidemic of CKD accruing innear future, the experts said. The main purpose is to underline the importance ofkidney disease arising from diabetic state and the lack ofawareness of kidney disease in both government and at publiclevel. "There is now, as never before a global threat ofdiabetes mellitus. There is three-fold rise in type IIdiabetes in India, Indonesia, China, Korea and Thailand, whiletwo-fold increase has been noticed in United States. Hencemaking 21st century as the most "diabetogenic" environment inhuman history," Acharya said. In Asian countries, diabetes mellitus type II, iswitnessing an increase in epidemic proportion. This increaseis characterised by rapid rise over a short period of time. In 2007, more than 110 million individuals in Asiawere living with diabetes, with disproportionate burden amongyoung age and the middle aged.
International Diabetes Federation (IDF) has predictedthat number of diabetic individuals in the world will increasefrom a total of 240 millions seen in 2007 to 380 millions in2025. More than 60 per cent of total diabetics will come fromAsia. The IDF estimates 40.9 millions diabetics in 2010 andthis is set to rise to 69.9 million by the year 2025. It hasfurther predicted that by 2025 China and India will have about130 million inhabitants with diabetes. According to the Indian Council of Medical Research(ICMR), this itself would be reducing productivity andhindering economic growth. PTI
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