Washington: Preventable infectious diseases accounted for two-thirds of the nine million child deaths in 2008, says a new study.
The study`s country and regional estimates, however, underscore how global efforts must be targeted to have maximum impact. Malaria, for instance, is responsible for approximately 16 percent of deaths in Africa, but is a comparatively minor disease in the rest of the world. The study did reveal successes in fighting some infectious diseases, such as measles and tetanus - each now only accounts for one percent of child deaths worldwide. Newborn deaths - those within the first month of life - increased as a proportion of all child deaths globally from 37 percent in 2000 to 41 percent in 2008, said a Johns Hopkins release. The two greatest single causes of death among neonates (newborns) are pre-term birth complications and birth-related asphyxia. The quantity and quality of child survival data have steadily improved over the last decade. For the first time, national data from China and India were used instead of modelled estimates. These findings were published by The Lancet. IANS
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