Bhubaneswar: Around 600 Indian and foreign delegates are set to attend the 24th Annual Conference of Indian Society of Organ Transplantation (ISOT) being organised by Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), a constituent of KIIT University, from October 25 to 27.
This three-day conference, held under the auspices of ISOT, will be attended by top neurologists, surgeons, immunogenetists, cardiologists, hematologists transplant coordinators and others.
It is being held for the first time in Odisha, Dr S C Dash, Director, KIMS, told reporters today.
Stating that organ transplantation is the most spectacular achievement of medical sciences in the20th Century, he said end stage kidney failure patients can now hope to survive 15-20 years more or longer due to advancements in the field.
In contrast, five decades ago this disease was uniformly fatal. Chronic Kidney Failure is becoming a growing public health problem. It is caused by factors such as increased incidence of diabetes, high blood pressure, and industrial pollution of air and water, he said.
Around 1.5 lakh patients in India need immediate dialysis followed by transplantation while another 10 lakh are in different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) who will eventually develop terminal kidney failure needing dialysis and transplantation, Dash said.
But there are only 1000 nephrologists and 200 kidney transplant surgeons in India, a number highly inadequate to meet the demand, he lamented.
Similarly, heart, liver and bone marrow transplantation are highly inadequate and done only in few centers in India, Dash said.
The 24th ISOT Conference will deliberate on the demand for organ transplantation as well as inadequacy of organs and medical professionals in the field. Organ transplantation is not a simple surgery, rather it can be called Nephro-Immuno-surgery, he said.
The conference will also discuss technical, immunological and other complex issues, social, ethical and legal involved, besides the issue of organ harvesting in brain dead ICU patients.
As a humanitarian gesture the organizing committee has decided to donate part of the fee collected for the conference to the Chief Ministers Relief Fund for cyclone Phailin relief and restoration work, he added.