Washington: By losing weight, whether through a low-carb or low-fat diet, overweight or obese people can have a significant reduction in inflammation throughout their body, as measured by three common markers for inflammation, according to researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine.Inflammation occurs naturally when the body’s immune system acts to fight off an irritant or infection or responds to an injury. However, fat cells secrete molecules that also increase inflammation, even when an immune response is not needed. Because these molecules are secreted into the bloodstream, being overweight or obese increases the risk of inflammation throughout the body. This more widespread condition is known as systemic inflammation.According to the researchers, systemic inflammation increases the chance of a heart attack or stroke by promoting the formation of blood clots, interfering with the ability of blood vessels to contract and relax normally to control blood flow, or causing plaque to break off of vessel walls.“Our findings indicate that you can reduce systemic inflammation, and possibly lower your risk of heart disease, no matter which diet—either low-carb or low-fat,” said Kerry Stewart, Ed.D., professor of medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and director of clinical and research exercise physiology.“The important factor is how much weight you lose—especially belly fat,” she stated.
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