New Delhi: The state of mind may influence how satisfied a person feels after a meal and how likely he is to still feel hungry, claims a new study.
The study by Yale University, which appears online in the journal `Health Psychology`, could have implications in the fight against obesity, say researchers.
The research team focused on levels of ghrelin, the `hunger hormone` in the gut, which stimulates the appetite and
feelings of hunger. Ghrelin levels typically increase before meals and decrease after meals. The higher the levels of ghrelin in the system, the more likely a person is to overeat.
The Yale team`s research subjects were given 380 calorie
milk-shake under the pretext that it was either a 620 calorie
"indulgent" shake or a 140 calorie "sensible" shake.
Those who drank what they thought was the "indulgent"
high-fat, high-calorie shake had a dramatically steeper
decline in ghrelin after drinking it. Those who thought they
were drinking the "sensible" low-fat, low-calorie calorie
shake had a flat ghrelin response, claim researchers.
The ghrelin response to perceived calorie counts was
consistent with what would be observed had the counts actually
been that high or low.
"This study shows that mindset can affect feelings of
physical satiety," said lead author Alia J Crum of the
department of psychology at Yale. "The brain was tricked into
either feeling full or feeling unsatisfied."
As elevated ghrelin levels can cause increased body
weight and fat gain through increased caloric consumption,
this study may open new avenues in the fight against obesity
by providing insight into how the mind and body work together
to impact responses to food, the researchers said.