Pune: The National Institute of Virology(NIV) here has confirmed the positive testing of Crimean-CongoHaemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) virus, identified for the first timein India, which has claimed three lives in Gujarat. The virus at present appeared confined to Gujarat fromwhere NIV had received the samples and the state governmenthad started screening of all suspected cases, Dr A C Mishra,Director, NIV, said Thursday. Although the virus belongs to high risk category, therewas no need for panic as its transmission is slow and can bearrested with isolation of patients in hospital, he said.
Typically, after a one to three day incubation period following a tick bite, flu-like symptoms appear, which may resolve after one week. In upto 75 per cent of cases, however, signs of haemorrhage appear within 3-5 days of the onset of illness. Patients usually begin to recover after 9-10 days from symptom onset, but there could be mortality in some cases. A team of specialists from the National Institute of Communicable Diseases has already been deputed to Gujarat. The CCHF virus has earlier been reported from Africa, the Balkans, the Middle East and Pakistan. There is serological evidence of CCHF infection being present in India in animals which however do not get the disease.PTI
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