London: Women who suffer from chronicpelvic pain are more likely to have migraine, say researcherswho claim to have found a link between the two conditions. A new study has found that seven out of ten women withchronic pelvic pain also have migraine, three times the normalrate, a finding which could someday pave the way for a bettertreatment for both the conditions, the `Daily Mail` reported.
The women, aged up to 46, had suffered for an averageof around ten years. Results showed that 67 per cent of womenwith chronic pelvic pain had migraines and another eight percent had headaches that were possible migraines, three timesthe rate found in women generally. Migraine was no more likelyin women with endometriosis than those without. "Migraine might be more closely associated withchronic pelvic pain than with endometriosis itself. Furtherinvestigations may lead to better understanding and managementof migraine, endometriosis and chronic pelvic pain," ProfessorStephen Silberstein, who led the study, said. According to the researchers, one theory is thathormone-like compounds called prostaglandins may be involved.These have a role in number of functions, such as inflammationand the contraction and relaxation of blood vessels. Another theory is that the women with one form ofchronic pain become more sensitive to other sources of pain astheir nerve cells increase in general sensitivity. Symptomsthat would normally not cause pain now do because thresholdshave been lowered, the researchers say. "This interesting study identifies a much-increasedprevalence of migraine in those with chronic pelvic pain thanin the general population," said Dr Andrew Dowson, head ofheadache services at King`s College Hospital, London, andchairman of Migraine Action`s medical advisory board. "Other possibilities are that analgesics taken forpelvic pain exacerbate the headache condition, or that pelvicpain is another example of pain sensitising the nervoussystem, leading to increased headaches," he added. Dr Nicholas Silver, consultant neurologist at theWalton Centre for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Liverpool, said: "These findings support what we have suspected for a long time-- we often see patients at our migraine clinic complaining ofother types of nerve-related pain; in the neck, back, abdomenor legs. "Our approach is to get patients off any analgesics,off caffeine, make sure they eat regularly and tackle anysleep problems. We can then look for effective ways oftreating the migraine, and once we have the other pain tendsto disappear too." PTI
Counselling doesn`t help smokers quit
Coming soon: A trap to trick pregnant mosquitoes!