Washington: The familiar term “Asperger’s disorder”, which is characterized by significant difficulty in social interactions, is being dropped and abnormally bad and frequent temper tantrums will be given a scientific-sounding diagnosis called DMDD, it has been revealed.However, dyslexia and other learning disorders will remain, the Huffington Post reported.The revisions come in the first major rewrite in nearly 20 years of the diagnostic guide used by the nation’s psychiatrists and the changes were approved on Saturday.Full details of all the revisions will come next May when the American Psychiatric Association’s new diagnostic manual is published, but the impact will be huge, affecting millions of children and adults worldwide. The manual is also important for the insurance industry in deciding what treatment to pay for, and it helps schools decide how to allot special education.This diagnostic guide “defines what constellations of symptoms” doctors recognize as mental disorders, said Dr. Mark Olfson, a Columbia University psychiatry professor. More important, he said, it “shapes who will receive what treatment. Even seemingly subtle changes to the criteria can have substantial effects on patterns of care.”The aim is not to expand the number of people diagnosed with mental illness but to ensure that affected children and adults are more accurately diagnosed so they can get the most appropriate treatment, said Dr. David Kupfer, who chaired the task force in charge of revising the manual and is a psychiatry professor at the University of Pittsburgh.
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