London: People with higher ability to overcome adverse circumstances feel less pain, are more active on a daily basis and have a better mood, irrespective of their gender, according to a new study.
Resilience, a person's ability to overcome adverse circumstances, is the main quality associated with pain tolerance among patients and their adjustment to chronic pain.
The study carried out at the University of Malaga in Spain shows that the effect of gender on this ability is not as significant as originally thought.
Over the years a number of clinical trials have shown important gender differences with regard to susceptibility to pain through illness, effectiveness of medications and recovery after anaesthetic.
Furthermore, these results coincide with general lore where it is often said that women tolerate pain better than men.
However, the new study conducted with the aim of analysing the differences between men and women in terms of their experience with chronic pain has dispelled this theory, revealing that these differences are minimal.
It is a person's resilience - the ability to overcome adverse circumstances - that determines the high or low acceptance of pain, as it is related to a series of characteristics that provide the individual with resources to cope with chronic pain, researchers found.
As many as 400 patients with chronic spinal pain (190 men and 210 women) treated in primary care centres took part in this study and the findings show more similarities than differences between the two sexes.
"More resilient individuals tend to accept their pain, that is, they tend to understand that their ailment is chronic and they stop focusing on trying to get the pain to disappear, to focus their energy on enhancing their quality of life, despite the pain," Carmen Ramirez-Maestre, the main author and researcher at the Andalusian institution, said.
"In this regard, patients who are able to accept their pain feel less pain, they are more active on a daily basis and have a better mood," said Ramirez-Maestre.
The findings, published in The Journal of Pain, showed that patients that feared pain also experienced significantly more anxiety and depression.