Washington: Scientists using a new combination of neural imaging methods have discovered exactly how the human brain adapts to injury. When one brain area loses functionality, a "back-up" team of secondary brain areas immediately activates, replacing not only the unavailable area but also its confederates, researchers led by the Carnegie Mellon University`s Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging (CCBI) found. "The human brain has a remarkable ability to adapt to various types of trauma, such as traumatic brain injury and stroke, making it possible for people to continue functioning after key brain areas have been damaged," said researcher Marcel Just. "It is now clear how the brain can naturally rebound from injuries and gives us indications of how individuals can train their brains to be prepared for easier recovery," Just said. "The secret is to develop alternative thinking styles, the way a switch-hitter develops alternative batting styles. Then, if a muscle in one arm is injured, they can use the batting style that relies more on the uninjured arm," Just added.
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