New Delhi: India has witnessed a steady
decline in Infant Mortality Rate over the last three years.
The Infant Mortality Rate in the country was 57 per
1,000 births in October 2007, 55 in 2008 and 53 in 2009.
According to the latest data released by the Registrar
General of India, Madhya Pradesh had the highest mortality
rate of 70 per 1,000 live births.
The state also had the dubious distinction of the
highest child mortality rate in 2008 as well as 2007 data with
74 and 72 respectively.
Closely following MP was Uttar Pradesh which had 71,
69 and 67 per 100 deaths in 2007, 2008 and 2009.
Madhya Pradesh along with Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan
reported above 80 infant mortality rates in the 1991 census.
Infant mortality rate is defined as the probability of
a child born in a specific year or period dying before
reaching the age of one, if subject to age-specific mortality
rates of that period.
The mortality rates also differ significantly between
rural and urban areas.
While in villages of India the average Infant
Mortality Rate is 62 per 1,000 live births, in urban areas it