New Delhi: Sustained improvement in disease
control programmes, specially tuberculosis, and perceptible
improvement in rural health care are the highlights of the
UPA-II`s report card in the health sector.
In the `Report to the People` released here today by
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, the government said, during
2009-10, more than 36,000 village health and sanitation
committees were set up, over 1,300 facility-based Rogi Kalyan
Samitis were formed and over 53,000 accredited social health
activists (ASHAs) were selected and trained.
Apart from this, more than 20,000 doctors and paramedical
personnel were added to the public health system.
Over 4,984 new health sub-centre buildings, 254 primary
health centre (PHC) buildings and 102 community health centre
(CHC) buildings were completed, 3,246 sub-centre buildings,
732 PHC buildings, 264 CHC buildings and 28 district hospital
buildings were upgraded or renovated.
The report said all disease control programmes have shown
sustained improvement, adding, there was reduction in
mortality due to malaria, kala-azar and dengue, as well as
reduction in the incidence of filarial infection.
Regarding tuberculosis, a cure rate of 87 per cent has
been maintained, while the case detection rate has increased
from 70 per cent in 2007 to 72 per cent in 2009, it said.
The document mentions the scheme for augmenting nursing
personnel by setting up 269 new auxiliary nurse midwife (ANM)
and general nurse midwife (GNM) schools in backward and
under-served districts of the country, which has been started
at a cost of around Rs 2,000 crore.
This will create additional capacity of 16,000 trained
nurses annually, it said.
Under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana
(PMSSY), work orders have been issued for the medical college
complex for six AIIMS-like institutions, taken up under the
first phase, the report said.
For promoting alternate systems of medicine, a modified
scheme for mainstreaming of Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and
Homoeopathy has been sanctioned and is under implementation at
a total cost of Rs 675 crore.
As part of this mainstreaming activity, 2,368 doctors and
2,184 AYUSH paramedic staff were appointed during 2009-10.
The government says in the report that the H1N1 pandemic
was also managed effectively.
More than one crore in-bound passengers were screened at
international airports, new laboratories for testing H1N1
cases were established, the drug Oseltamivir was supplied to
state governments free of cost, and vaccines were imported and
supplied to state governments for vaccinating health workers,