African American women who consumed a diet high in vegetables and fruit gained less weight over a 14-year period than those who consumed a diet high in red meat and fried foods, investigators from the Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University have found.
This is the first prospective study to show that a healthier diet is associated with less weight gain in African American women, a population with a high prevalence of obesity.
The study results were based on data from the Black Women`s Health Study (BWHS), a large follow-up study of 59,000 African American women from across the U.S. conducted since 1995.
The researchers found that women who consumed a diet high in vegetables and fruit gained less weight over 14 years than women whose diets were low in these foods. Women who consumed a diet high in meat and fried foods gained more weight than women with low intake of these foods.
"A diet high in red meat and fried foods can lead to consuming too many calories because these foods contain more calories than the same amount of vegetables and fruit," said lead author and researcher Dr. Deborah Boggs.
The study has been published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition