Learning about impact of portion size doesn`t help people stop overeating
Washington: A recent research from the University of New South Wales has found people given large servings of food eat more than those given smaller servings, even after they have been taught about the impact of portion size on consumption.
Learning how to engage in mindful - rather than mindless - eating also did not decrease food intake by a significant amount in those given large servings.
The study highlights the need to find new ways to reduce the effect of portion size on overeating.
"If no effective approaches are found, it may be necessary to develop policy-related changes to provide a healthier food environment for people," said Dr Lenny Vartanian, a senior lecturer in the UNSW School of Psychology and an author of the study.
Portion sizes in restaurant and at home have increased dramatically since the early 1970s, and are thought to have contributed to rising obesity levels.
"Studies have consistently shown that increases in portion sizes for a wide range of foods and beverages result in increased energy intake. And the impact is not affected by factors such as hunger or the taste of the food," Dr Vartanian said.
The team`s study of 96 women is the first to examine the effectiveness of educating people about this phenomenon. Participants were served either a 350 gram portion of macaroni pasta with tomato sauce for lunch, or a 600 gram portion.
Those in the education group were given a brochure about how external factors, such as mood, advertising, portion size, and social and cultural influences can contribute to overeating, and then asked to write about how these factors had influenced their food intake in the past.
Those in the mindfulness group were also taught how to focus on the internal sensations such as the taste of food and feelings of hunger and satiety, before they were offered the pasta.
"Neither of these brief exercises reduced the effects of portion size. Overall, participants in the larger portion group consumed about a third more pasta - 69 grams - than those in the smaller portion group, " Dr Vartanian said.
This difference amounts to about 87 kilocalories, or 365 kilojoules, of extra energy.
The study was published in the Journal of Health Psychology.
More from India
More from World
More from Sports
More from Entertaiment
- Dr Subhash Chandra Show: How to develop good communication skills for a successful life?
- Curfew lifted from 4 districts of Kashmir valley
- Recently launched Pokemon Go gaining extreme popularity among users
- Rajnath Singh meets J&K CM Mehbooba Mufti to discuss current situation in valley
- AAP MLA Amantulla Khan arrested for misbehaving with a woman
- Unbelievable! Rajinikanth's 'Kabali' shatters Box Office, earns Rs 250 crore in India on Day 1?
- Audience don't judge stars with box office numbers: John Abraham
- 'Madaari' is outstanding, says Deepika Padukone
- Three Taliban commanders arrested in Afghanistan's Samangan province
- Kamal Haasan still under medical care in hospital