Washington: Mediterranean-style diet that emphasizes on fruits, vegetables and legumes, whole grains, fish, and using olive oil and herbs in place of butter and salt may help people with diabetes lose weight and lower blood sugar.A review of evidence from the last 10 years found that diets lean on meat and rich in healthy fats like olive oil were most effective at promoting weight loss and lowering blood sugar among diabetics.Benefits were also seen with diets low in carbohydrates, high in protein or low in simple sugars.People with type 2 diabetes cannot store glucose in their cells effectively, and their blood sugar levels can go dangerously high. Lifestyle changes like weight loss and cutting calorie intake can improve blood sugar control and reduce the risk of complications from the disease, but it has not been clear which diet plans work best.Dr. Olubukola Ajala, a diabetes specialist at Western Sussex Hospitals in the UK, and her colleagues reviewed the results of 20 studies comparing the effect of seven popular diets on adults with type 2 diabetes. Mediterranean diets, low-carb diets, high-protein diets and low glycemic index diets - which rank foods by how quickly their carbs turn into glucose - all lowered participants` blood sugar.
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