Ahmedabad: Cases of HIV infection have been rising over the past two years in Gujarat, which is considered to be a low prevalence state, according to the National AIDS Control Organisation. "Some low prevalence states (which include Gujarat) have shown a slight increase in the number of new infections over the past two years," NACO estimates said.
"So far the situation is under control as thegovernment is engaged in conducting large-scale awarenessprogrammes among various high risk groups," Vyas said. The estimates by NACO also said that number of peoplewith HIV infection in Gujarat would be above 1.36 lakh. The analysis of data projections by NACO furtherrevealed that the number of new annual HIV infections hasdeclined in India by more than 50 per cent during last decade. According to latest NACO estimates, Gujarat is alsoamong the five states having adult HIV prevalence more thanthe national average of 0.31 per cent. Manipur has shown highest estimated adult HIVprevalence of 1.40 per cent, followed by Andhra Pradesh (0.90per cent), Mizoram (0.81 per cent), Nagaland (0.78 per cent),Karnataka (0.63 per cent) and Maharashtra (0.55 per cent). While Gujarat (0.37 per cent), Goa (0.49 per cent),Chandigarh (0.39 per cent), Punjab (0.32 per cent) and TamilNadu (0.33 per cent) have shown estimated adult HIV prevalencegreater than national average.A clear decline is also evident in HIV prevalenceamong the young population (15-24 years) at national level,both among men and women, the NACO estimates said. The total number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA)in India is estimated at 24 lakh in 2009. The four high prevalence states of India (AndhraPradesh 5 lakh, Maharashtra 4.2 lakh, Karnataka 2.5lakh, Tamil Nadu 1.5 lakh) account for 55 per cent of allHIV infections in the country. West Bengal, Gujarat, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh areestimated to have more than one lakh PLHA each and togetheraccount for another 22 per cent of HIV infections in India. The NACO HIV estimates further said National AIDSControl Programme (NACP)-III has yielded significant resultsin addressing previously existing gaps in the AIDS response,as well as the social and structural constraints. There is a need, however, to build on the gains andfocus on the emerging areas of concern, it added.PTI