Shivaji Jayanti: Interesting facts about Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

Today (February 19) is the 368th birth anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

Last Updated: Feb 19, 2016, 13:52 PM IST
Shivaji Jayanti: Interesting facts about Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's sand art by Sudarsan Pattnaik at Puribeach in Odisha

Mumbai: Today (February 19) is the 368th birth anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

Shivaji’s heroic efforts of defeating the might of the Mughals and creating a Maratha empire that endured for centuries after his time make him one of the greatest rulers in the history of India.

Here are a few facts about him:

  • Shiv Jayanti, the birth anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, is celebrated with traditional fervour in Maharashtraon.
  • Shiv Sena celebrates 'Shiv Jayanti' as per the "tithi" - on Falgun Vadya Tritiya.
  • Shivaji was born in Shivneri Fort, Junnar, about 100 kilometres east of Mumbai. He was named Shiva after the local Goddess Shivai, to whom his mother Jijabai had prayed for a son.
  • Shivaji Maharaj was extremely secular. There was a sizeable amount of Muslim soldiers in Shivaji's army.
  • His dream was to expel Mughals and build a Maratha empire, not a Hindu empire. He fought those rulers, not religions, who posed as a threat to his kingdom.
  • "Torna" (Tornagad) or "Prachandgad" was the first fort captured by the 16-year-old Shivaji Maharaj. This was the first move towards his journey to build the Maratha empire.
  • Shivaji Maharaj was a very strategic military commander. He also established a navy to protect the coastline.
  • Afzal Khan, a seasoned commander, was sent by Bijapur to confront Shivaji. The Maratha king was sure that Khan would attack him. When the duo met in a hut under the garb of negotiations, Shivaji wore an armour underneath which stopped Khan's dagger.
  • Unlike many other rulers, Shivaji Maharaj ensured that women of captured territories were left unharmed.
  • Shivaji Maharaj also defeated the famous general and governor of Shayista Khan, sent by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.
  • When Aurangzeb imposed Jizya tax on Hindus, Shivaji was the only Hindu ruler who protested against it.