Hyderabad: The Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) is developing a GIS-based 3D protocol in its efforts towards innovating new methodologies and warning procedures for tsunamis, Union Science and Technology Minister Harsha Vardhan has said.
"Today after 10 years of this devastation (Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004), we once again pledge to strengthen our efforts further and introduce more innovations by evolving new strategies towards development of new methodologies and warning procedures (for tsunamis)," the minister said here today.
"We are in process of developing a protocol on 3D model (3D mapping) which will be replicated by 3D mapping of vulnerable coastal areas," he said at the inauguration of a national workshop on 'Indian Tsunami Early Warning System: Progress, Challenges and Future Road Map' at the city-based INCOIS.
Ministry of Earth Sciences Secretary Shailesh Nayak said the future work is focused on sea-level inversion, real time inundation modelling, use of near-field GPS measurements of real-time rupture characterisation and GIS-3D mapping of vulnerable coastal areas.
"We have the pilot (GIS-based 3D protocol) at Cuddalore and Nagapattinam areas and all vulnerable areas (coastal areas) in the country will have a 3D GIS map with all details about the area and the population," he said.
India will also be leading a 'Global Tsunami Warning System' in the Indian Ocean, Nayak said, adding that deliberation process has already begun for standardisation of information.
After the Indian Ocean tsunami, a state-of-the-art
Indian Tsunami Early Warning System (ITEWS) was set up at INCOIS in 2007, Harsh Vardhan said.
Today, India has probably the best system in the world.
"You can compare it with any system anywhere in the world and it has been acknowledged by the UN organisations and other countries also," he said.
"We have developed information systems at 300 places within the Indian Ocean and in the vicinity of ocean from where information is regularly collected and monitored by INCOIS and we are in a position to diagnose any (tsunamigenic) earthquakes happening in the sea and issue warnings (timely tsunami advisories) within minutes to disaster management officials and to vulnerable communities," the minister said.
"Our system is most advanced when compared to systems operating in other countries in the Pacific Ocean and our information systems are helping not only the people living on the coastlines of Indian Ocean, but also helping people of other 26 countries.
"In the last so many years, we have never issued a false warning and when we compare it with warnings that are issued so frequently by advanced countries like Japan, they are issued only to be retracted," Harsh Vardhan added.