New Delhi: Over two-thirds of elderly people in India say they are neglected by their family members while one third of the elderly claimed to have suffered physical or verbal abuse, with those in urban areas bearing the brunt more than in the rural areas, according to a new study.
A study titled "Human Rights of Elderly in India: A critical Reflection on Social Development" released recently by Agewell Foundation conducted interviews of 5,000 elderly people across India.
The in-depth study aimed at culling out nuances of social changes as it impacts the life conditions and life standards of the elderly in families. Main respondents of the study were old persons above the age of 60 living with their families.
"65.2 per cent of elderly respondents claimed that older persons face neglect in old age. Over half (54.1 per cent) respondents said that older persons suffer elder abuse in their families or society. Every fourth elderly, i.E. 25.3 per cent elderly admit that older persons are being exploited by their family members," the study said.
In all, 89.7 per cent respondents out of 2705 respondents facing elder abuse reportedly said elderly face mistreatment in old age mostly due to financial reasons.
A total of 96.4 per cent of elderly abused respondents claimed that they face mistreatment due to emotional factors.
"Qualitative research methods were used by a group of experienced social scientists of very senior level in the discipline of sociology, social work, psychology and anthropology to understand unique experiences of some of the respondents. The whole focus was interdisciplinary and very holistic," says the study.
Out of 5000 elderly interviewed during the survey, it was found 2258 respondents (45.2 per cent) elderly respondents were in the age group of 60 years to 70 years, 1574 respondents were in the age group of 71 years to 80 years and remaining 1169 respondents (23.4 per cent) were in the senior most age group (81 plus years).
Total respondents consist of 2490 older men and 2510 older women.
Due to rapid modernisation, spared of materialistic values and breakdown of joint family system, migration of working population and young to urban areas has further adversely affected elderly care, says the study.
Among the elderly surveyed 22.2 per cent said a lack of gainful engagement was the most common problem in old age. 21.24 per cent older persons think that declining health status is most common problem while 18 per cent respondents pointed to a lack of respect and dignity.
Second in the list of problems cited by the elderly was a declining health status (20.1 per cent) followed by a lack of respect in society and family (19.84 per cent).
According to 25 per cent elderly respondents, younger people consider elderly family members as burden on their family. An equal number of elderly (25 per cent) said that generation gap is the main reason behind violation of human rights of older persons.
In all, 20 per cent elderly respondents admit that their younger family members are unable to take care of their elderly family members.
"A comprehensive care package that includes promotional, preventive, curative and rehabilitative services is essential for this expanding group of population," says the study.
"Newer forms of services and program interventions by the government can go toward addressing the problems of the elderly," the study says.
Easy accessibility, continuity and good quality of care only can earn respect and satisfaction of the elderly.
According to Himanshu Rath, Founder, Agewell Foundation, "It is essential to devise models and mechanisms to help the elderly face the impending challenges in present day context. A strategy is the need of the hour."
He says, the components of the old age care strategy could be the process of policy and strategy formulation, focus on primary health care, age friendly social systems, strong participation of the older population in society, development of human resources to quality care, creation and maintenance of multi-disciplinary networks to facilitate care of the elderly, research, surveys and studies for establishment of evidence based care and raising the awareness of the population to active ageing.