Top Political Events 2015: Major political issues in India news of the year 2015

Updated: Dec 24, 2015, 00:25 AM IST
Top Political Events 2015: Major political issues in India news of the year 2015

Indo-Pak talks

The India-Pakistan talks scheduled in August were abruptly cancelled at the last minute. Pakistan called off the National Security Adviser-level talks saying “it cannot be held on the basis of the preconditions set by India”. New Delhi had made it clear to Islamabad that Sartaj Aziz, its advisor to the Pakistan Prime Minister on National Security and Foreign Affairs, was welcome if Pakistan agrees to restrict the talks’ agenda to terror and gives assurance that no meeting will be held with Hurriyat leaders in New Delhi.

Pakistan calls off NSA-level talks, hell bent on raking up Kashmir; India terms decision 'unfortunate'

But, in a surprise development, the NSAs of two countries met in Bangkok in December and held talks on a range of issues. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj days later traveled to Islamabad and hold talks with the Pakistani leadership, where a decision to restart the bilateral dialogue was taken.

Breakthrough in Islamabad: India, Pakistan to start Comprehensive Bilateral Dialogue

​​India, Pakistan NSAs hold talks in Bangkok; discuss terrorism, Kashmir

PM Narendra Modi’s foreign visits

Prime Minister Narendra Modi travelled to a number of continents and countries during the year. Among them, notably United States, United Kingdom, France, Singapore, Germany, Canada, China, Russia, UAE and Ireland.

PM Narendra Modi urges security cooperation on landmark Sri Lanka trip

India, France sign 17 agreements during PM Modi's visit

During his Germany visit in April, PM Narendra Modi projected the Make in India lion as a "symbol of new India" and a "national movement" and told the audience at the Hannover Messe – the world’s biggest trade fair - that his government has moved "with speed, resolve and boldness" to create a stable economic environment, including by opening up FDI in insurance, defence and railways, building a stable tax regime and assured protection of Intellectual Property.

PM Modi woos German investors at Hannover, promises stable environment for business

PM Modi attends Working Dinner hosted by German Chancellor Angela Merkel

During Modi’s highly-successful Canada visit in April, a new chapter was added to Indo-Canada ties when the latter agreed to supply uranium to power India’s civilian nuclear programme for five years.  

Canada to supply uranium for India's nuclear plants; PM Modi calls it 'new era of bilateral cooperation'

PM Modi's visit to Canada generated business worth 1.6 billion Canadian dollars

During PM Modi’s visit to China in May, India and China agreed to seek a "political" solution to the border dispute at the earliest. During the visit, PM Modi also announced CBMs like e-visa for Chinese tourists and operationalisation of hotline between the two militaries.

India, China vow to proactively resolve boundary issue

Modi, Xi hold summit talks, visit Wild Goose Pagoda

PM Narendra Modi announces e-visa for Chinese tourists

PM Modi meets CEOs of top South Korean companies

India, South Korea to expand defence, security cooperation, says Modi

​​India, Bangladesh sign historic land swap deal, ink 22 agreements

Modi also met Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of BRICS Summit in July in Ufa.

PM Narendra Modi meets Vladimir Putin, says India wants to deepen ties with Russia

Modi in UAE: PM pitches for decisive battle against terror, takes a veiled jibe at Pakistan

PM Modi visited Ireland briefly in September – the first visit to the country by an Indian leader in 59 years.

PM Modi seeks Ireland’s support for India’s membership of UNSC, calls his visit historic

In September, Prime Minister Narendra Modi travelled to the United States where he addressed the Leaders` Summit on Peacekeeping hosted by US President Barack Obama in New York. He also held bilateral talks with President Obama and discussed several issues, including stepping up economic engagement and climate change, during their third meeting in about a year. Modi also travelled to the Silicon Valley and met top IT CEOs of the region. He also addressed Indian-Americans at the SAP Centre in San Jose.

US backs India's bid for permanent UNSC seat

'Brain drain' can become 'brain gain' for India: PM Modi in Silicon Valley

PM Modi pitches for India's permanent seat in UNSC, says world's largest democracies must be included

Watch: PM Modi's speech at United Nations General Assembly

In November, Modi travelled to the United Kingdom and wowed everyone with his presence. He also repeated a ‘Madison Square Garden’ at Wembley by addressing the expatriate population there.

PM Modi's UK visit: 6 significant agreements among 9-billion pound deals

India-UK synergy can achieve a lot: PM Narendra Modi at Jaguar Land Rover plant

G20 Summit: PM Modi says fighting terror must be priority; pushes 7-point climate agenda

Paris Climate Summit: PM Modi asks rich nations to shoulder responsibilities, launches 120-member solar alliance

Modi meets Singapore PM, Prez; pacts inked on defence ties

Nagaland peace accord

The Government of India and Naga militant group National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) in August this year inked the historic Nagaland peace accord to end insurgency in the northeastern state. Government’s interlocutor for Naga peace talks RN Ravi and NSCN chairman Isak Chishi Swu and general secretary Th Muivah signed the peace deal in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

While the peace deal was welcomed, the Modi government faced criticism for keeping northeastern states’ CMs and opposition parties in the dark before the inking of the peace deal.

Indian government, NSCN(IM) sign 'historic' Naga peace accord

Naga peace accord: Congress accuses PM Modi of 'misleading' nation

Jayalalithaa acquitted in DA case

Jayalalithaa was in May this year acquitted by the Karnataka High Court in the disproportionate assets case. AIADMK chief’s close aide Sasikala Natarajan and her relatives J Elavarasi and VN Sudhakaran, disowned foster son of Jayalalithaa, were also found not guilty.

Within days, the AIADMK chief returned as chief minister of Tamil Nadu following her acquittal in the corruption case.

DA case: Jayalalithaa acquitted of charges

Jayalalithaa becomes Tamil Nadu Chief Minister for fifth time

Jayalalithaa challenges DMK, Karnataka govt pleas in DA case, files affidavit in SC

India-Bangladesh land-swap agreement

India and Bangladesh in August this year a historic land swap agreement as part of which 111 Indian enclaves in Bangladesh and 51 Bangladeshi enclaves in India were exchanged in pursuant to the 1974 Land Boundary Agreement and 2011 Protocol. The instruments of ratification for the swap were exchanged during Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to Bangladesh in June.

India, Bangladesh sign historic land swap deal, ink 22 agreements

India, Bangladesh swap border enclaves, settle historic dispute; people rejoice

'Bharat Ratna' Vajpayee

Former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee was in March this year conferred with the Bharat Ratna, the country's highest civilian honour, for his contribution to Indian politics. President Pranab Mukherjee, in a break from protocol, conferred the top honour on the nonagenarian BJP leader who has been keeping poor health.

President confers Bharat Ratna on Atal Bihari Vajpayee at his home

Bharat Ratna for Vajpayee: Historic day for crores of Indians, says PM Modi

Amaravati is new Andhra capital

Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu annouced in early 2015 that Amaravati would be the capital of the divided Andhra Pradesh. The foundation stone-laying of the new capital was done by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on October 22. The new capital is coming up on the southern banks of the River Krishna in Guntur and Krishna districts.

PM Modi lays foundation stone for Amaravati, says 'political selfishness of Congress led to Andhra's division'

Rising on the banks of Krishna – Amaravati, India's most hi-tech capital

Hardik Patel and Quota fight

Hardik Patel, just 22, became a household name when he started the agitation for quota for Gujarat's rich Patel community. The campaign, which later became violent, demanded that the Patidar caste be included in the Other Backward Class (OBC) category so that they can also get reservation in education and government jobs. While the state government led by Anandiben Patel has refused to cave into the demands, it has in fact hit back at Hardik and arrested him on several charges, including sedition.  

Agitation for OBC quota to intensify, police indulging in violence: Hardik Patel

Sedition case filed against Hardik Patel for 'kill policemen' remark

Who is Hardik Patel?

Lalitgate

Lalit Modi may have been living in London for a while but he came back to 'haunt' Indian politics this year. His first victim was External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj who had a lot of explaining to do after she was accused of helping Modi secure travel documents from the UK for travelling to Pakistan where his wife was undergoing treatment for cancer. Later, Modi also dragged in Rajasthan Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje when he disclosed that she had agreed to become a secret witness to her immigration application in the United Kingdom. Both Sushma and Raje, howver, managed to save their respective jobs.

Travel documents row: Helped Lalit Modi on 'humanitarian grounds', says Sushma Swaraj; BJP backs her

Vasundhara Raje admits signing statement in favour of Lalit Modi: Reports

Arun Jaitley met me alone in London for hours, hints Lalit Modi