New Delhi: About 26 per cent of the urban
population does not have access to piped water supply and
depend on tube wells and hand pumps, a study said.
Quoting data from National Sample Survey, Minister of
State for Urban Development Saugata Roy today informed the Lok
Sabha that 74 per cent of urban households have access to
piped water supply, leaving the rest 26 per cent dependent on
other sources like tube wells and hand pumps.
Of the 423 Class-I cities surveyed, only 39 qualified on
all three basic tests -- turbidity, residual chlorine
and Thermo Tolerant Coliform bacteria -- conducted to check
water quality at consumer end, he said in his written reply.
The NSS report also said though 77 per cent of the urban
households use either septic tanks or flush latrines, 11 per
cent have no latrines and eight per cent use pit toilets.
Further, Roy said, as per 2001 Census, less than
two-third of the urban households were connected to sewer
As far as public transport is concerned, it accounts for
22 per cent of urban transport in India. Out of 85 cities with
population of 0.5 million or more, only 20 cities have a city
bus service, the minister said.