New Delhi: Amid debate over the merits of the First Past the Post (FPTP) system, data shows that in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, as many as 29 candidates won by getting less than 30 percent of votes polled.
Statewise, Uttar Pradesh had 14 such winners whereas Jharkhand had 6 candidates winning with less than 30 per cent of votes polled in their respective constituencies.
Bihar had five such winners. Other states with successful candidates getting less than 30 percent votes included Madhya Pradesh (2), Jammu and Kashmir (1) and Haryana (1).
Under the FPTP system, a winning candidate in a constituency wins the election by receiving the highest number of votes.
In a multi-party contest in a constituency, votes are often split among contesting candidates. As a result, the winning candidate secures less than 50 percent.
RJD won Buxar Lok Sabha seat in Bihar getting 21.27 percent of total votes polled for its candidate Jaganand Singh, which was the lowest percentage of votes bagged by any winner.
Nawada, another Lok Sabha seat from Bihar, had the winner (Bhola Singh of BJP) securing 22.46 percent of votes polled.
In Jharkhand`s Chatra seat, the winning candidate (Inder Singh Namdhari, an Independent) received 22.86 per cent votes, while Nishikant Dubey of BJP got 23.76 percent votes in Godda. Babulal Marandi of JVM (P) got 22.55 percent votes in Kodarma.
Uttar Pradesh had 14 successful candidates with less than 30 percent votes. Winner of Gonda seat (Beni Prasad Verma of Congress) got 25.72 percent of total votes polled – the lowest percentage for the state.
Ganesh Singh of BJP won the Satna seat from Madhya Pradesh with 29.51 percent votes polled in his favour. The Rewa seat, also in MP, was won by BSP`s Deoraj Singh Patel (28.49 percent). Independent Hassan Khan won the Ladakh seat in Jammu and Kashmir by bagging 29.84 percent votes.