Cancun climate summit: Pachauri asks Mexico to be realistic

With hopes of a consensus eluding the Cancun climate meet, IPCC chairman R K Pachauri has urged host Mexico to be realistic and work hard in pushing rich nations to put climate funds on the table.

New Delhi: With hopes of a consensus
eluding the Cancun climate meet, IPCC chairman R K Pachauri
has urged host Mexico to be realistic and work hard in pushing
rich nations to put climate funds on the table.

"There will be least expectations (of a consensus)
this time (at Cancun). I doubt if you will get anything close
to a global agreement. It is not possible particularly
considering the situation in some countries," Pachauri said,
apparently referring to delay of passage of US climate law.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has already
acknowledged that the December meeting might not produce the
definitive agreement the world body is seeking.

Pachauri said during his recent
meeting with the Mexican leadership in the run-up to the
crucial summit, he has cautioned them to be "realistic and
don`t pitch expectations very high because that will not
really work."

Highlighting the need for an action on climate money,
he told the host country "for heaven`s sake please get the
commitment on funding.

"So I think Mexico will have to work on some of these
countries to see that they (developed nations) really put some
money on the table," he said, noting that of the USD 30
billion agreed by the developed states between 2010-2012, no
funds have been made available so far.

The head of the Noble-award winning Inter-governmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), however, said he was looking
forward for some limited agreements for concrete actions to
control Green House Gases at the crucial meet slated to be
held by the year-end.

Most countries at the Copenhagen Summit last year
signed an accord that called on governments to limit the rise
in global temperatures to less than 2 degrees Celsius, but
without spelling out how to achieve this goal.

He made clear that at the multilateral level it was
the responsibility of the developed nations to provide funds
for mitigation and adaptation to climate change and not
developing nations as has been demanded by some industrialised

"They (rich nations) have to take the first step but
they are not doing that," he said, adding that at a bilateral
level there was no harm in major developing countries like
India pitching in to help the least developed nations.

"If it has money, I see no harm in India providing
technical support to the needy countries at the bilateral
level," he said.

Mexico yesterday ruled out possibilities of any new
treaty at Cancun but hoped to adopt a set of "broad" decisions
within the ambit of Kyoto Protocol towards tackling climate
change threats.

Concurring with Mexican Foreign Minister Patricia
Espinosa, who is also chairperson of the 16th Conference of
the Parties (COP 16) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate
Change (UNFCCC), Pachauri said the agreements have be within
the Kyoto Protocol.

"It should be within the Kyoto Protocol as it was
arrived at after a great deal of mud and sweat. We can`t just
throw it aside," he said on the the rising demand from a host
of developed nations to replace it with another treaty that
mandates the major developing countries to take emission cuts.

Under the Koyto Protocol, industrialised nations are
under obligations to take emission targets and provide climate
funds to the developing nations for mitigation and adaption.

Espinosa, who was here yesterday to evolve consensus
at the December meet, had said that based on the existing
legal framework, rich nations would be providing support in
terms of financing and transfer of technology.

She also said that as a host nation, one of Mexico`s
goals was to dispel the mistrust that has clouded climate
diplomacy since the failure of last year`s Copenhagen summit.

"We are working to assure a transparent, open,
comprehensive, inclusive exercise where everybody`s views and
concerns are taken into account," she said.


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