Kolkata: Jyoti Basu, who died here Sunday, resigned from active politics in 2000 but continued to guide the communist movement in India.
Following is a chronology of his life:
Born in Calcutta (now Kolkata), July 8, 1914.
Graduated from Presidency College with honours in English. He did his Bar at Law from London where he got introduced to Marxism and politics.
Returned to India in 1940. Joined Communist Party of India (CPI).
In 1944 he was a functionary of Bengal railway workers` union.
In 1946 he was elected to the Bengal legislative assembly, defeating Humayun Kabir of Congress.
He won from Baranagar assembly constituency in 1952, 1957, 1962, 1967, 1969 and 1971. He lost the seat in the 1972 snap polls.
In 1964, he helped set up the Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M).
In 1967, he became deputy chief minister in a coalition government in Bengal.
Became chief minister of West Bengal June 21, 1977 and headed the Left Front government till Nov 6, 2000.
Narrowly missed a chance to become India`s prime minister in 1996 after his party`s veto. He later called the party decision a "historic blunder".
In 2000, he announced his retirement from active politics and stepped down as chief minister on health grounds.
In 2004, he played a key role to stitch an alliance between the Left parties and the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA).