New Delhi: The CPI(M) on Monday said it would not emulate any country to achieve socialism in India but take into account the concrete conditions in the country and
lessons drawn from the recent "anti-imperialist" developments in Latin America.
The party also referred to "caste-based political mobilisation" and communalism, saying these factors were being increasingly used by the ruling classes in India to perpetuate exploitation and maintain their hegemony through social oppression.
Two months ahead of the 20th Congress of CPI(M), its top leaders, including Prakash Karat and Sitaram Yechury, released a key draft resolution on "some ideological issues" for inner-party and public debate.
A draft political resolution, released two weeks ago, had called for expansion of Left-led movements in the country. Both the ideological and political resolutions would be adopted at the party Congress to be held in April in Kozhikode.
Besides casteism, communalism or exploitation in the name of gender, regional, ethnic or tribal issues would have to be taken into account alongside the struggles against `neo-liberal` economic policies pursued by the government in India,
Politburo member Yechury said.
Stressing the need for combining parliamentary and extra-parliamentary "forms of struggle", he said the work in parliamentary forums should be used to strengthen mass movements to "build an alternative to the existing bourgeois-landlord order".
Yechury made it clear that CPI(M) would "not emulate" China, Latin America or any other country in its pursuit towards establishing socialism in India but draw important lessons from the developments there and in other nations like Vietnam or even North Korea.
"Left-wing coalitions, including communist parties that have emerged in (Latin American) countries are providing an alternative to imperialist globalisation and neo-liberalism within capitalism," Yechury told a press meet. Party general
secretary Prakash Karat and Politburo members SR Pillai and Brinda Karat were also present.
He said the rising struggles in Europe and the US like the `Occupy Wall Street` movement were a result of "sharp intensification in the global capitalist crisis and
These struggles and the `anti-imperialist` governments in Cuba, Venezuela, Bolivia and Ecuador were "an important element" in the global struggle against imperialist
globalisation, against military aggression by imperialist powers in several countries like Iraq, Libya and Syria, he said.
"It is this unity that needs to be built into a powerful global anti-imperialist movement which will have the potential for a future revolutionary transformation," Yechury said.
While noting the "tremendous strides" made by China over the last 30 years, he, however, pointed out that this process has "clearly brought to the fore adverse changes in production relations and, therefore, in social relations."
Noting growing inequalities and corruption in China, he said the future course of development in that country would depend on "how successfully these contradictions are dealt with by the Chinese Communist Party".