Anand(Guj): The Father of India`s White
Revolution Verghese Kurien, who led `Operation Flood` to make
India the biggest milk producing nation in the world, turned
91 on Saturday.
Hundreds of people associated with Gujarat Co-operative
Milk Marketing Federation, led by chairman Parthi Bhatol and
Managing Director R S Sodhi, visited Kurien`s house here to
wish him good health and longer life.
Asked for his message on the occasion, Kurien said "my
message is to carry on the movement."
Born in Calicut, Kerala, on November 26, 1921, he
graduated from Loyola college in Chennai and did his BE from
University of Madras. He later went to the US on a government
scholarship to earn his Master of Science in Mechanical
engineering from Michigan University.
After his return, he joined Kaira District Cooperative
Milk Producers` Union Limited in 1949, which was formed at the
initiative of Sardar Vallabhabhai Patel.
Patel later asked Kurien to help set up a dairy
processing plant, which saw the birth of Amul.
Amul`s co-operative model became a success and it was
replicated throughout Gujarat. The different dairy unions
were later brought under the banner of Gujarat Co-operative
Milk Marketing Federation.
Kurien is also credited to be the first one to produce
powder from buffalo milk, when elsewhere in the world, cow
milk was used to produce milk powder.
Impressed by the success of Amul, the then Prime Minister
Lalbahadur Shastri established the National Dairy Development
Board (NDDB) to replicate the Amul model across the country
and Kurien was made its chairman.
NDDB launched `Operation Flood` in 1970, making India the
largest milk producer in the world. He served as chairman of
NDDB for 33 years from 1965 to 1998.
Today over 10 million farmers under NDDB provide over 20
million litres of milk a day to 200 dairy co-operatives across
Interestingly, the `milkman` of India does not consume
milk himself. He says, "I do not drink milk as I don`t like