New Delhi: With an aim of tackling naxalism through development, the government has unveiled a special Rs 3300 crore action plan in 60 affected tribal and backward districts across nine states.
The Integrated Action Plan (IAP) is intended to provide
immediate redressal to problems of the people in tribal and
backward districts in the sector like healthcare, drinking
water, education and roads.
The IAP would be given as an additional central
assistance scheme on 100 percent grant basis to be
implemented in two years, Home Minister P Chidambaram said
about the decision taken at the meeting of Cabinet Committee
on Economic Affairs held last evening.
"In the current year (2010-11), a block grant of Rs 25
crore will be made available to each of the 60 districts for
which the schemes will be decided by a committee headed by the
distrcit collector with district SP and district forest
officer as members," Chidambaram said here.
The projects would have to be completed by March in a
"concrete" and "visible" manner, he said.
The works would be taken up by district collectors by
December 1, he said, adding the block amount of Rs 25 crore
will have to be utilised in the remaining four months of the
Elaborating on the action plan, he said the grant would
be utilised by a committee headed by district collectors of
the state to undertake doable projects like construction of
link roads, Panchayat Ghar (office building) etc.
The government, he added, proposes to call a meeting of
the collectors of the 60 districts shortly to apprise them
about the scheme and also the urgency to complete projects
within the stipulated time frame.
During the financial year 2011-12, the block grant will
be raised to Rs 30 crore per district and it will be reviewed
for implementation in the 12th Plan at a later stage.
"Construction of roads and schools and proper
implementation of public distribution system will take place
in all these Maoist-hit areas," Chidambaram said.
The IAP scheme will focus on improvement in governance
and specific pre-conditions will need to be complied with by
the states before availing of the second tranche of the
proposed additional financial assistance in 2011-12 under the
state component of the IAP.
However, these conditionalities will not apply to the
district components of IAP, Chidambaram said.
The existing Koraput-Bolangir-Kalahandi (KBK) plan under
the Backward Regions Grant Fund (BRGF) will continue as before
with annoual allocation of Rs 130 crore for all eight
districts in Orissa put together.
"The eight KBK districts have also been included under
IAP and will get additional block grant of Rs 25 crore per
district in the current year and suitable additional amount
under both state and district components of IAP in the
subsequent years," he said.
Naxals have destroyed a lot of infrastructure over the
years with 362 telephone towers, many school buildings, roads
and culverts being targeted in 2009 alone.
Government is also implementing an ambitious development
scheme for 35 worst Naxal-affected districts in Chhattisgarh,
Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal, Bihar, Maharashtra and Andhra
Pradesh. According to an estimate, about 40,000 sq km areas in
Naxal-affected states are under the control of Maoists.
Naxal violence has claimed the lives of over 10,000
civilians and security personnel in the last five years.
Out of a total of 10,268 casualties between 2005 and
May 2010, 2,372 deaths have been reported in 2009 as against
1,769 in 2008 and 1,737 in 2007.