`India, China should resolve border dispute`
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Last Updated: Sunday, May 16, 2010, 13:22
Beijing: A former Chinese Ambassador to India on Sunday said the two countries should resolve the border dispute under a framework of compromise and spirit of mutual respect and understanding, which is key to enhancing trust between them.

Cheng Ruisheng, a veteran diplomat, said conditions are ripe for the final settlement of the border dispute between the two Asian giants.

"The final settlement of the China-India boundary question will be the most important key to greatly enhancing mutual trust between the two countries," Cheng said in his detailed note for discussion at the 2nd China-India Forum meeting being held here.

"Judging from the present situation of the relations, it seems conditions are already mature for the final settlement," he said.

He said the overall relations between the two countries have been good as they have already established strategic and cooperative partnership which is very conducive for final settlement of the dispute.

"Also the boundary settlement is very important factor for both the countries which are simultaneously rising in stature. For this they needed a peaceful environment," Cheng, who served as Chinese Ambassador to India from 1991-94, said.

Besides, agreement on the political parameters and guiding principles for the settlement has laid important foundation for the settlement, he said.

Both sides are well aware of each others positions on the boundary disputes as special representatives have held several rounds of talks, he said.

India and China have completed 13 rounds of talks on border dispute and Special Representatives of both countries are expected to meet soon.

"If there is still a gap, it will not work for either side to press for unilateral concessions by the other and the only right way is to explore a framework of compromise in the spirit of mutual respect and mutual understanding. There is no reason why this can not be realised," he said.

Cheng, according to previous reports, formed part of the Chinese experts group that proposed to their Indian counterparts a compromise formula according to which China would hand over Aaksai Chin occupied by it in return to India handing over to Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh to it.

However, Cheng, who made a passionate plea for better Sino-Indian relations today, made no mention of any compromise formula in his presentation.

The two sides have already taken steps in this regard, Cheng said, adding that India has already recognised Tibet as part of China and took resolute measures to let Olympic torch pass through without any hindrance from Tibetan protestors in 2008.

China for its part recognised Sikkim as part of India, made "positive remarks" on India's desire to become permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, (UNSC).

He claimed China also took a "flexible attitude" at the Nuclear Suppliers Group, (NSG) which lifted restrictions on India to have civilian nuclear energy cooperation with the US and other countries.

The two countries enhanced their cooperation in the Climate Change talks, he said, adding that being emerging economies both needed support of each other on a number of issues in the future.

"If both sides could give more and more support to each other the mutually trust between the two sides would be certainly be greatly enhanced," Cheng said.

On Pakistan, he said China has adopted a policy of developing friendly relations with India on the one hand and with Pakistan and other South Asian countries in a separate way.


First Published: Sunday, May 16, 2010, 13:22

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