`India, China should resolve border dispute`

A former Chinese Ambassador to India on Sunday said the two countries should resolve the border dispute under a framework of compromise and spirit of mutual respect and understanding.

Updated: May 16, 2010, 13:22 PM IST

Beijing: A former Chinese Ambassador to India on Sunday said the two countries should resolve the border dispute under a framework of compromise and spirit of mutual respect and understanding, which is key to enhancing trust between them.

Cheng Ruisheng, a veteran diplomat, said conditions are ripe for the final settlement of the border dispute between the two Asian giants.

"The final settlement of the China-India boundary question will be the most important key to greatly enhancing mutual trust between the two countries," Cheng said in his
detailed note for discussion at the 2nd China-India Forum meeting being held here.

"Judging from the present situation of the relations, it seems conditions are already mature for the final settlement," he said.

He said the overall relations between the two
countries have been good as they have already established
strategic and cooperative partnership which is very conducive
for final settlement of the dispute.

"Also the boundary settlement is very important
factor for both the countries which are simultaneously rising
in stature. For this they needed a peaceful environment,"
Cheng, who served as Chinese Ambassador to India from 1991-94,

Besides, agreement on the political parameters and
guiding principles for the settlement has laid important
foundation for the settlement, he said.

Both sides are well aware of each others positions
on the boundary disputes as special representatives have held
several rounds of talks, he said.

India and China have completed 13 rounds of talks on
border dispute and Special Representatives of both countries
are expected to meet soon.

"If there is still a gap, it will not work for either
side to press for unilateral concessions by the other and the
only right way is to explore a framework of compromise in the
spirit of mutual respect and mutual understanding. There is no
reason why this can not be realised," he said.

Cheng, according to previous reports, formed part of
the Chinese experts group that proposed to their Indian
counterparts a compromise formula according to which China
would hand over Aaksai Chin occupied by it in return to India
handing over to Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh to it.

However, Cheng, who made a passionate plea for better
Sino-Indian relations today, made no mention of any compromise
formula in his presentation.

The two sides have already taken steps in this
regard, Cheng said, adding that India has already recognised
Tibet as part of China and took resolute measures to let
Olympic torch pass through without any hindrance from Tibetan
protestors in 2008.

China for its part recognised Sikkim as part
of India, made "positive remarks" on India`s desire to become
permanent member of the United Nations Security Council,

He claimed China also took a "flexible attitude" at
the Nuclear Suppliers Group, (NSG) which lifted restrictions
on India to have civilian nuclear energy cooperation with the
US and other countries.

The two countries enhanced their cooperation in the
Climate Change talks, he said, adding that being emerging
economies both needed support of each other on a number of
issues in the future.

"If both sides could give more and more support to
each other the mutually trust between the two sides would be
certainly be greatly enhanced," Cheng said.

On Pakistan, he said China has adopted a policy of
developing friendly relations with India on the one hand and
with Pakistan and other South Asian countries in a separate