India releases doctrines for joint military operations in wars
The armed forces released two doctrines aimed at creating synergy among the Army, Navy and Air Force.
New Delhi: The armed forces on Wednesday released two doctrines aimed at creating synergy among the Army, Navy and Air Force to enhance their joint fighting capabilities in both conventional and low intensity conflict situations and in the psychological arena.
The documents, "Doctrine on Perception Management and Psychological Operations" and "Doctrine on Air and Land Operations", are aimed at creating the "requisite synergy between the three services in important military matters", a defence spokesperson said.
IAF Chief Air Chief Marshal P V Naik, who is also the
Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee, released the two
joint operational doctrines here in the presence of Navy chief
Admiral Nirmal Verma and Army Chief General V K Singh.
The joint air-land operations doctrine and the perception
management and psychological warfare doctrine were formulated
by the Doctrine Directorate of Integrated Defence Staff (IDS)
Headquarters, a tri-service organisation created after the
1999 Kargil war to achieve joint-ness in operations of the
three defence forces.
"The two doctrines will create the requisite synergy
between the three Services in important military matters and
will go a long way towards enhancing joint fighting
capabilities of Indian armed forces," a Defence Ministry
release said here.
The documents collectively aver that victory in a battle depends on joint teamwork by maritime, ground and air forces operating effectively, individually and together in support of shared military objectives.
The joint doctrine for air-land operations would serve as
the cornerstone document for use of military power in a joint
warfare scenario when the Army`s infantry, armoured and
artillery strengths are used alongside Air Force`s fire power.
It establishes the framework of concepts and principles
to understand the approach to planning and conduct of air-land
operation in a conventional war scenario.
The joint doctrine lays down organisations and procedures
that would leverage the available technology towards
synergistic application of air power, the release said.
The doctrine on "Military Psychological Operations" assumes significance as the government is currently mulling using the Indian Army, directly or indirectly, to fight the raging Leftwing extremism in east and central India.
It provides guidelines for activities related to "perception management in sub-conventional operations" like fighting insurgency.
The psychological operations document is useful "in an internal environment wherein misguided population may have to be brought into the mainstream".
It stresses a planned process of conveying a message to "selected target audiences".
This will "promote particular themes that result in desired attitudes and behaviour which affect the achievement of political and military objectives", it says.
"Given the potential benefit of psychological operations as an effective force multiplier, its use in support of military aims and objectives is considerable," the document says.
In the last couple of years, the Integrated Defence Staff
Headquarters has brought out a series of joint warfare
doctrines, including one on amphibious warfare.