Agra: India will break up if questions on
language, religion and caste are given importance and divisive
tendencies allowed to grow, Supreme Court judge Markandeya
Katju said on Saturday.
"India has to be held together as a multi-cultural,
multi-linguistic and multi-religious society and forge ahead
on the basis of science and technology," Justice Katju said
while addressing the 76th convocation of Dr B R Ambedkar
University (formerly Agra University) here.
Special reference was made to Mughal emperor Akbar who
in the sixteenth century based his policies on `sulhe kul` or
tolerance of all religions and cultures when Europe was
engaged in religious wars.
"Jawaharlal Nehru and his colleagues rose above the
madness of communalism that had engulfed the country
immediately before and after the Partition and declared India
a secular, democratic republic," he said.
The framers of the Indian constitution, led by B R
Ambedkar, enshrined the principles of equality and secularism
in the Constitution.
Stating that the country is facing grave dangers from
corruption, poverty and unemployment, Justice Katju asked the
intelligentsia to pay attention to the problems and give
direction to society in this regard.
Science and technology can alone win the war against
poverty, he said, adding that the youth have to develop a
scientific and rational outlook that gives precedence to logic
The young graduates should understand the country they
had inherited, he said.
India is basically a country of immigrants since
barring some eight per cent tribals, who alone could be called
the original inhabitants, the rest were immigrants, he said.
"For five to ten thousand years people from the north
-west and to a less extent from the north-east kept pouring
into India, attracted by the rich, fertile plains stretching
from Rawalpindi to Bengal," he said.
Immigrants brought their culture, religion and
language along with them which resulted in the rich diversity
of cultures, races religions and languages.
During the convocation, presided over by Uttar Pradesh
Governor B L Joshi, five D Lit and 325 PhD degrees were
awarded to the students.