India`s endangered tribal groups see rise in population
New Delhi: There has been a rise in the population of endangered tribal groups and state governments have been asked to prepare a comprehensive conservation plan to help them grow further, the government has said.
The endangered Onge tribe of Andaman and Nicobar islands has reported a marginal increase in its population from 96 in 2001 to 101 in 2011 census.
Another particularly vulnerable tribal group (PTG) which has reported a rise in population is Birhor/ Mankirdia in Odisha, whose numbers rose from 142 in 2001-02 to 203 in 2011.
The information was shared by Ministry of Tribal Affairs in its reply to a parliamentary committee on Welfare of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
Jharkhand, Manipur and Uttarakhand also reported an increase in the population of PTGs in their states, the ministry has said.
However, Thoti tribe in Andhra Pradesh was an exception, which has reported a decline in its population.
In 1991, the population of the tribe was 3654, but it declined to 2074 in 2001 census.
No data was available about the tribe in 2011 census since authorities had lumped the tribe along with other scheduled tribes.
The committee has asked the government to make efforts to count them separately due to its PTG status.
The committee, headed by Gobinda Chandra Naskar, had earlier expressed its apprehension about the decline of population of some of the PTGs, including Onge, Thoti in Andhra Pradesh, Birhor in Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha and Raji in Uttarakhand.
The state governments have been asked to develop Conservation-Cum-Development (CCD) plan for a period between 2012 and 2017 which would suit the requirements of the PTGs residing there, Ministry of Tribal Affairs said.
The CCD would also focus on welfare, economic development of the PTGs, the ministry said.
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