Bangalore: India must focus on making
missiles adaptable for all three armed services and reducing
dependence on other countries for electronic missile
components, Defence Minister`s Scientific Advisor V K Saraswat
said on Saturday.
"Besides focussing on making missiles adaptable for the
services, dependence should be reduced on foreign countries
for electronic components of missiles which are now imported
as it is not cost effective to manufacture them here," he said
at the fifth Air Chief Marshal L M Katre Memorial Lecture
Saraswat said India`s recent successful Ballistic Missile
Defence test, capable of intercepting and destroying incoming
missiles, would challenge the South Asian strategic stability.
As there are diversification of threats and limited response
options, BMD adds value to complexity of the region, he said.
India acquired BMD with technological aid of USA and
Israel. It has a two-tiered system - Prithvi Air Defence for
high altitude interception and Advanced Air Defence for lower
altitude interception. PAD missiles are for intercepting
ballistic missiles at altitudes between 50-80 km and the
Advanced Air Defence missile is for destroying them at heights
ranging 15-30 km.
India’s future plans include two new anti-ballistic
missiles that can intercept Inter Continental Ballistic
Missiles --Advanced Defence (AD-1 and AD-2) capable of
intercepting and destroying a missile at a range of around
5,000 km, he said.
Saraswat, also DRDO Director General, said India is
developing lasers and an exo-atmospheric kill vehicle (MIRV or
Multiple Kill Vehicles) that can be combined to produce a
weapon to destroy enemy satellites and that work is going on
as part of ballistic missile defence program by 2014.
Saraswat also highlighted the need to focus on
miniaturisation for missiles.
On Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, which is going to be the
mainstay of the Indian aerospace programme, he said "we need
to build different kinds of payloads which are miniaturised".
"Having our own indigenous AWACS (Airborne Warning and
Control Systems) is going to be the next step in our defence
program," Saraswat said.
Other programmes on the agenda include Unmanned Combat
Aerial Vehicle which could be powered by indigenous Kaveri
engine, nano techonology for aeronautical materials and solar-
powered aircraft as we move towards "green aviation", he said.
The challenges India faces in developing future aerospace
technologies are in human resources, design capability,
infrastructure, material and sensor technologies and mission
mode project management, he said.
"We need to work on technology assessment, go for limited
acquisitions through offset programmes, have international
collaborations with countries having complex skills and
establish Centres of Excellence in core technologies", he said.