Tehran: Strongly pitching for coordinated global actions against international terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Thursday asked the Non-Aligned Movement to take a lead in this and also take a stand based on "universally accepted principles" on Syria.
Voicing India`s opposition to "external intervention" in Syria, Singh, while addressing the leaders and other representatives from over 50 NAM countries who are here for a two-day Summit, made a pointed reference to the situation in the West Asian region, particularly Syria, currently afflicted by a civil war between troops loyal to President Bashar Al- Assad and the rebels.
"The West Asian and North African region is undergoing profound change. As the world`s largest democracy, India supports popular aspirations for a democratic and pluralistic order. Nevertheless, such transformations cannot be prompted by external intervention, which exacerbate the suffering of ordinary citizens.
"The deteriorating situation in Syria is a matter of particular concern. Our Movement should take a stand on the issue in keeping with universally accepted principles," he said while urging all parties to recommit themselves to resolving the crisis peacefully through a Syrian-led inclusive political process that can meet the legitimate aspirations of all Syrian citizens.
Underlining the need for new instruments of global
governance to confront cross-cutting and trans-national challenges through coordinated global actions, Singh said these include international terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the menace of maritime piracy, the growing threat to cyber security and the growing challenge of pursuing ecologically sustainable development.
Observing that the existing problems cannot be solved effectively without a greater voice for developing countries on issues such as global trade, finance and investment, he sought new instruments of global governance as the current ones "have proved inadequate in dealing with the economic and political crises of our present."
"Our Movement should take the lead in building global governance structures that are representative, credible and effective. It is my sincere hope that the Movement can agree on action to reform institutions such as the United Nations Security Council, the World Bank and the IMF," said Singh to the audience which included UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari, Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai and others.
He said that developing countries can be drivers of global growth and that international financial institutions should, therefore, be encouraged to fund infrastructure development in the developing world in innovative ways.
"We should also urge that the current economic crisis should not lead to a dilution of development assistance flows from the developed world," he said.
Noting that the Non-Aligned Movement has always
championed the cause of the Palestinian people, Singh said, "Today, we should renew our pledge to support an early resolution of the Palestinian question, so that the long suffering people of Palestine can live in peace and dignity in a state of their own."
He underlined that in the past, "individually we may have had little economic and military clout but the collective voice and reasoned interventions of our Movement commanded respect and credibility. That voice should again find true expression on a variety of issues."
The Prime Minister said that while NAM comes together on the international stage, it is equally important for it to collaborate among themselves in tackling problems and developing solutions that are best suited to the Movement`s own circumstances.
Noting that developing world was rich in renewable sources of energy like solar power, he said, "We should use our financial and intellectual resources to develop renewable energy technologies that get less attention in the industrialised world where the resource base is different.
"Adoption of these technologies will also enable us to contribute to preservation of the environment. We can learn from each other in this effort."