New Delhi: In a far-reaching decision, the
government today raised natural gas prices by more than double
to USD 4.20 per mmBtu, a move that will result in a rise in
power and fertilizer production cost and rise in CNG rates.
The Cabinet hiked price of gas sold to power, fertilizer
and city gas projects from Rs 3,200 per thousand cubic meters
(USD 1.79 per million British thermal unit) to Rs 6,818 per
thousand cubic meters (USD 3.818 per mmBtu), Information and
Broadcasting Minister Ambika Soni said.
After adding royalty, the price for user industires would
be Rs 7,500 or USD 4.2 per mmBtu, at par with the rate at
which Reliance sells its gas.
Apurva Chandra, Joint Secretary in Oil Ministry, said the
decision that would come into effect once the decision is
notified in the next few days, would result in a rise in
fertilizer production cost, power generation tariff and CNG
Fertilizer prices will not be increases as the government
subsidises the sector. But today`s decision would result in
rise in fertiliser subsidy by Rs 3,500 crore. "The Government
stands to gain (in royalty) an amount larger than this subsidy
payout," he said adding the impact to the government would be
The new gas price on an overall basis would result in
2.75 per cent increase in power tariff and up to 20 per cent
hike in price of compressed natural gas (CNG) sold to
automobiles in cities like Delhi.
CNG in Delhi currently costs Rs 21.90 per kg.
State-run ONGC and OIL produce 54.32 million cubic meters
per day or about 40 per cent of total gas produced in the
country, from fields given to them on nomination basis. This
gas is sold on government controlled rates - about 50 mmscmd
to power and fetilizer units and city gas projects at USD 1.79
per mmBtu and rest to other industries at USD 4.75 per mmBtu.
"ONGC and OIL have been making substantial losses in
their gas business. The (current) low prices of gas have
discouraged national oil companies from making investment (in
raising dwindling output). Therefore, it became essential to
increase the price of gas," Soni said.
On top of the USD 4.2 per mmBtu, state gas transportation
and marketing firm GAIL India would be allowed to charge Rs
200 per thousand cubic meters or 11.2 cents per mmBtu as
marketing margin. Over and above this would be the
taxes and other levies and pipeline transportation charges.
The move that will help the state-run firms break-even in
gas business, Chandra said adding ONGC would get an
incremental revenue of Rs 6000-7000 crore and OIL Rs 700-800
The new price will be for period upto March 31, 2014, the
time till when Reliance Industries has been allowed to charge
USD 4.2 per mmBtu price of gas from its KG-D6 fields.