New Delhi: The Opposition Tuesday slammed the
government in the Rajya Sabha on the Copenhagen Accord, saying
it was a "global disappointment" and a "compromise document"
which would hurt India`s sovereignty by opening up its
voluntary emission cuts to global scrutiny.
Equating the accord with the Sharm-el-Sheikh joint
statement between India and Pakistan, Leader of Opposition
Arun Jaitley accused the government of "spin doctoring" and
trying to interpret the agreement differently.
Describing the Accord as a "global disappointment"
amounting to "betrayal of poor nations", the BJP leader took
particular objection to the mention of peaking of emissions in
the Accord even though no year has been fixed for it.
Contending that the government had digressed from its
commitment to Parliament on peaking, Jaitley argued that by
accepting the principle of peaking, India would be under
pressure in the next round of talks to agree to a particular
He also questioned the provision of reporting on India`s
domestic mitigation actions on emission cuts which he felt
would bind the country and affect its sovereignty.
The mention of "international consultations and analysis"
on mitigation steps "obliterates distinction between
supported and unsupported actions" and India could be
subjected to some kind of inspections, he said.
"Consequences will follow" if India does not meet the
targets it outlines even though these may be unsupported
actions, Jaitley said.
CPI(M) leader Sitaram Yechury called the accord "a
compromise document" and "an attempt to jettison" the UN
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto
Protocol and Bali Action Plan.
"We have opened windows for the possible jettisoning of
the Kyoto Protocol" just like the developed world wanted, he
He accused the government of ensuring that the developed
countries were let off from the legally binding provisions in
the Protocol for penalties against defaulting states.
CPI`s Raja described the Accord as "no step forward and
several steps backward" and sought to know how developed
countries would finance the stopping of deforestation and
encourage afforestation by developing nations.
Pointing to assurances that India and others would have
to inform the UNFCCC about its emissions, Jaitley asked if the
accord was not legally binding, "what will happen if developed
countries do not submit (their emission reports) by January
The BJP leader also questioned the pattern of funding of
the actions to cut emissions by the developed countries,
saying it was to be made from a gamut of measures including
private, public, bilateral and multilateral sources.
Jaitely said no reference had been made on the
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in the accord.
Referring to the clause relating to `international
consultations and analysis`, Yechury sought clarification on
whether this was "not a pseudonym" for a legally-binding
condition being imposed on India relating to emission cuts.
On funding of these cuts by developed nations, he said it
was difficult, if not impossible, for these countries to raise
USD 100 billion each year from the market, particularly when
the global economy was facing a recession.
The CPI(M) leader said India`s stand on transfer of
technology without the IPR regime was also being negated.
Congress members complimented Prime Minister Manmohan
Singh for providing leadership to the Copenhagen summit.
However, they made some enquiries from Ramesh on a White House
official`s controversial remarks.
Party member Santosh Bagrodia asked if India would get
any money from the USD 30 billion announced by the developed
countries for climate change mitigation action.
Rajeev Shukla wondered how far China would go along with
Saif-ud-Din Soz said India should always thwart attempts
by the developed countries to dump the Kyoto Protocol.
Janardan Dwivedi of the party wanted to know what
happened at the meeting of the BASIC countries where US
President Barack Obama suddenly walked in.